Eugène Delacroix

Ferdinand-Victor-Eugène Delacroix was born on April 26, 1798 in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France, and died in Paris on August 13, 1863. He was one of the great Romantic painters, creating large-scale works that survive to this day.

Obra de la libertad guiando al pueblo de Delacroix
Liberty Leading the People – Delacroix

Biography of Eugène Delacroix

His father was a diplomat and his mother belonged to an aristocratic family. From an early age he showed an interest in painting and drawing, and at the age of 16 he enrolled at the prestigious Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris. There he studied the works of the Renaissance and Baroque masters, but he would soon be attracted to the Romanticism movement that was emerging at the time.

His artistic career began in the workshop of Pierre Narcisse Guérin, where Théodore Géricault and Baron Gros were his teachers. He started copying great works of his idols Rubens, Diego Velázquez, Rembrandt and Paolo Veronese among others..

Obra de La matanza de Quíos de Eugène Delacroix
The Massacre of Chios – Eugène Delacroix

Delacroix was a prolific artist throughout his life, painting hundreds of pictures throughout his career. Some of his major works include «The Death of Sardanapalus» (1827), «Liberty Leading the People» (1830) and «The Ball at Bordeaux» (1834-35). He also illustrated numerous books during his lifetime, including «The Marriage of Cadmus and Harmonia» (1832) and «Faust» (1828).

Although Eugène Delacroix passed away more than 150 years ago, his legacy lives on to this day. He has been described as one of the most influential and important artists of Romanticism, and his works continue to be admired by many. If you are interested in learning more about this talented French artist, don’t hesitate to visit one of the exhibitions dedicated to him and his works.

With the scandals unleashed after the appearance of «The Massacres of Chios» in 1824 and, above all, of «The Death of Sardanapalus» inspired by Byron’s tragedy, at the Salon of 1827-1828, the Romantic school found a leader.

Obra de La muerte de Sardanápalo de Delacroix
The Death of Sardanapalus – Delacroix

From the trip he made to Morocco in 1832 and chastened by the failure of «The Death of Sardanapalus» at the 1828 Salon, Eugène Delacroix moved away from epic themes and great romantic scandals.

He was widely supported by the state and by the bourgeois monarchy, which gave him public and private commissions, and he continued to investigate color and light. In 1855, the «explosion of color» (as Baudelaire described it) of his «Lion Hunt» triumphed at the Exposition Universelle and launched the last glimmerings of Romanticism at a time when Courbet was mounting his «pavilion of realism.» Two years later, Delacroix, full of honors, was finally received at the Academy and, along with Ingres, became the greatest painter of the 19th century.

Obra El Mulay Abderraman, sultán de Marruecos saliendo de su palacio de Meknes de Delacroix
Mulay Abderraman, Sultan of Morocco leaving his palace in Meknes – Delacroix